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Rocks and Minerals

Page history last edited by Susan Jazwiec 5 years, 4 months ago

Earth’s Resources



Teachers's Domain

user name: hornets

password: hornets

Minerals in our Environment


Rock Cycle Animation






The Rock Cycle











How do we classify rocks? 
There are 3 main types of rocks depending on how they were formed in the different layers of the Earth. 
They are: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic.
Type of Rock How it is Formed Where it is Formed Other Facts& Examples
SEDIMENTARY rock weathered to many pieces of rock and soil which then settles into layers. The layers are squeezed together until they harden into rock. where oceans, lakes, or other bodies of water exist or existed layered, soft often containing fossils. limestone, chalk, coal, sandstone, shale
rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens lava from volcanoes or magma that cools inside the Earth often shiny or glossy. basalt, granite, pumice, quartz, obsidian
METAMORPHIC igneous, sedimentary, or other metamorphic rock that is changed by heat and pressure deep within the earth.

deep within the Earth

hard, often contains crystals, may have bands or layers marble, slate, gneiss, schist


The Earth & Its Materials

Name That Rock! -This game will help you to study for our lab practical on some of the most common types of rocks found on Earth.

The 15 Most Wanted Quiz Game! -This game will also help you to study for our lab practical on some of the most common types of rocks found on Earth.

Online Lab Practical -This page contains pictures of some of our most common rocks in the world.  On a separate piece of paper, see if you can correctly identify each one of the rocks. 

Here's a Second Online Lab Practical! -This page also contains pictures of some of our most common rocks in the world.  On a separate piece of paper, see if you can correctly identify each one of the rocks. 

Minerals and Metals Around the House -Did you ever stop and think about just how many raw materials are used in all of the things that we have in our house?  This game helps you discover just some of the many minerals and metals that are used in making the many things that we take for granted.

Igneous Rock Crystallization Animations -Click on the labeled features to learn about how igneous rocks form under different cooling conditions.

Cementation of Sedimentary Rocks -This animation gives you a better understanding as to how sedimentary rocks like sandstone form over time.

Rock Cycle Interactive -Begin your adventure by collecting and learning about various rocks.  All of the rocks that you collect are ones that we are learning about and will be on our lab practical!  Also, be sure to click on the Rock Cycle Diagram. There are a lot of good animations to click on to help you better understand all of the processes that happen in the rock cycle.

Interactive Animated Rock Cycle -This animation does an excellent job helping you to understand all of the different parts of the rock cycle.  Click the image to start the animation. Each time the main animation stops, be sure to click on the blinking features to see a visualization.

Drag & Drop Rock Cycle Chart -This activity will help you review all of the basic processes that happen throughout the course of the rock cycle.  See if you can correctly place each label into this rock cycle chart.

Another Animated Rock Cycle -Although I like our rock cycle chart better than the one in this activity, there are some cool looking animations that are worth clicking on!

Take the Rock ID. Challenge -There are pictures of 12 different rocks.   Test each rock by doing a number of on-line experiments.  Be sure to use the "Rock Key" to help you in figuring out what each rock is.  Good luck!

Find a Rock -Use the Foss database to find out about all sorts of rocks and minerals.  A lot of the rocks and minerals found here, are ones that we've already discovered and learned about in class. I think that you'll be surprised at what you will remember from class!

Layers of the Earth -This site does a great job of quickly explaining the three basic layers of the Earth.

Face Your Spheres! -This game helps you to understand the different layers that are underneath the Earth's surface and the different layers in the atmosphere around the Earth.

Mohs' Drill & Castle of Doom! -Learn about Mohs Mineral Hardness Scale while escaping the Castle of Doom! The walls are closing in on you. To escape, you must drill through the walls.  See if you can find the right drill to blast through the wall.

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All About Soil

Identifying Layers of Soil -See if you can remember what the different layers of soil are called.  Drag the cards next to each of the layers and then match each layer with its description.

Stages of Soil Formation -In this activity, see if you can put the pictures in the correct order showing the stages of soil formation.

Soil Composting -Plants need soil that is enriched with nutrients.  You can help enrich the soil by composting.  In this activity, decide which items get recycled, and which items need to be put in the composting bin.

How Soil Forms in Layers -Find out how the Earth's materials break down and form distinctive layers of soil in this activity.

Why Soil Forms in Layers -This site also does an excellent job of helping you understand how and why soil forms in layers.

Test Your Soil IQ -Let's see just how well you understand the basics of soil and why soil is so very important to us.  See if you are a soil expert by getting all 8 questions correct in this activity.

"The Dirt on Soil"- Soil Safari -Get ready to take the pilot's seat of the Earth Ship as you travel on a microscopic safari through the soil beneath your feet!  Your help is desperately needed in this area where a toxic chemical is making its way through to the underground water.  Your job is to discover what kind of soil organism can actually eat this toxic chemical.  Can you find this organism in time to save the meadow?  Let the adventures begin!

Soils Around the World -Did you ever stop to think about the fact that soil is NOT the same everywhere in the world?  Depending on the type of climate & topography, soil varies from place to place.  For example, the type of soil that you will find in a tropical rainforest will be quite different from a soil that you might find in a desert or in an polar region.  This activity has a really good interactive map that lets you explore the various soils of the world.

How does Soil Vary from Place to Place? -In this activity, you will soon discover that soil isn't the same in all parts of the country.  Be sure to check out all of the cool pictures of the different soil horizons by clicking on the United States map.  If you carefully go through the first 5 parts of this activity, you will discover whether or not the amount of rain an area receives affects how deep the topsoil is for that area.

Map of NJ Showing Average Annual Precipitation -This map will help you with the last step of our lab examining how soil varies from place to place.

Profile of NJ's State Soil -This site has a picture of a typical soil profile from the state of NJ that will help you with the last step of our lab examining how soil varies from place to place.

Dirt Detective: Trees & Soils -This activity helps us to understand what soil scientists do. Perform two tests on the soil samples to learn why you find different trees growing in different environments.  As you do this activity, think about which soil type is most similar to the soil that we find in Edgar woods!

Which Types of Soils Absorb Water the Fastest? -See if you can correctly predict which soil type: gravel, sand, or silt will absorb water the fastest. Be sure to click the red "off" button at the exact time in which the water gets completely absorbed by the soil type! 

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Landforms, Weathering, & Erosion

Observe the Effects of Mechanical Weathering -Click on the different pictures to get a closer look at six different examples of mechanical weathering.

Shape it Up! -In class, we explored how the Grand Canyon was formed by the powerful eroding force of water.  This activity explores how wind, water, volcanoes, and glaciers have had an impact on the shape of our land over time.  Be sure to play this game more than once!  Although you might get the same landform with the same erosional force, it might be showing you a different length of time!

Types of Mass Movement -As we discovered when working with our stream tables, gravityhas a huge impact on the movement of sediments.  In this activity, drag and drop items from the Landscape box onto the section of earth.  Be sure to watch what happens to each item in the various types of mass movementsLandslideMudflowSlump, & Creep.

The Virtual Stream Table Lab --Did you enjoy the work that we did with stream tables?  There are so many really cool experiments that can be done with stream tables.  This activity allows you to compare 2 stream tables at the same time by changing one variable in the experiment.  The variables (the thing you change in an experiment!) include the length of time, the slope, the stream flow rate, and type of material. I recommend that you click on the "View Stream Table" first!  Then click on the RED "?" in the upper right corner of the screen.  It will explain all of the variables as well as how to conduct the different experiments.

Landforms Created by Erosion -Click on different parts of the U.S. map to see the different types of landforms that have all been created by forces of erosion.



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